| Open Access Agreement
This publication is a hybrid journal, allowing either Traditional manuscript submission or Open Access (author-pays OA) manuscript submission. By selection "YES" to the below Open Access question, you commit to pay the discounted $1,750 OA fee if your manuscript is accepted for publication in order to enable unrestricted public access. If you select Traditional submission, your article will be available to qualified subscribers and purchasers via IEEE Xplore. No OA payment is required for Traditional submission.
For any questions regarding IEEE's Open Access policy, please refer to our Frequently Asked Questions on Open Access
Yes, I intend to make my article Open Access. I will pay the $1,750 fee, as well as any other applicable charges.
No, my article is a Traditional submission.